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Since the Institute conducted its first program in Sub-Saharan Africa in the mid-1980s, the majority of African nations with closed political systems have adopted principles of democratic governance. In many of the countries still governed by authoritarian and semi-authoritarian regimes, political space has opened.
For more than 20 years NDI has assisted democrats and reformers across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) as they work to build stronger institutions that can better represent citizens and promote greater accountability and transparency.
Note: The first link below connects to the English-langauge version of the article. The second link connects to the French version.
Nonpartisan citizen observers play an important role during elections by raising public confidence in the election process, deterring electoral malfeasance, exposing irregularities, and providing citizens with important information concerning the integrity of elections.