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Since the Institute conducted its first program in Sub-Saharan Africa in the mid-1980s, the majority of African nations with closed political systems have adopted principles of democratic governance.  In many of the countries still governed by authoritarian and semi-authoritarian regimes, political space has opened.

For more than 20 years NDI has assisted democrats and reformers across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) as they work to build stronger institutions that can better represent citizens and promote greater accountability and transparency.

Since 2020, NDI has supported political party representatives from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) member states through the Political Party Strengthening Academy (PPSA) program in collaboration with the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Recognizing the impact that parties have on functioning democracies, the program aims to advance democratic party reform initiatives.

Note: The first link below connects to the English-langauge version of the article. The second link connects to the French version.

Facing Democratic Backsliding in Africa & Reversing the Trend 

Presented at “Democratic Backsliding in Sub-Saharan Africa” House Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations 

Submitted by Christopher Fomunyoh, Ph.D Senior Associate & Regional Director for Central and West Africa 

Presented at “Elections in Africa”

House Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, 


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