NDI has worked in Indonesia since 1996, when it supported domestic efforts to monitor 1997 parliamentary elections. NDI also engaged political parties and citizen election monitoring organizations in preparation for the 1999, 2004, and, now, the 2014 elections.
Since the fall of the Suharto regime, NDI has conducted wide-ranging programs to strengthen political parties, elected bodies and civil society organizations. These programs include helping civic groups conduct independent observation of Indonesia’s local and national elections by using methods such as sample based observations, voter attitude surveys and voter registry audits. The Institute has been especially active in Aceh, helping civil society and political parties establish democratic governance and free and fair elections in the province since the signing of the 2005 Aceh Peace Agreement.
In 2009, NDI focused on providing electoral assistance, strengthening political parties’ ability to compete in elections, and increasing women’s political participation. That year, women’s representation in the national legislature rose by 7 percent — the biggest increase in Indonesian history.
Since the 2009 elections, the Institute has been working with political parties to support party caucuses (fraksi) in the legislature as they generate and review new legislation, conduct government oversight and reach out to constituents. NDI has provided comparative advice from experts around the world, along with information, mentoring and training to party representatives and parliamentary staff at the national and local levels. NDI has also partnered with local institutions, such as the Indonesia Parliamentary Center, to organize a series of issue-based forums to bolster communication between legislators and policy-focused civil society organizations on issues of mutual concern.
NDI has conducted focus groups with party fraksi and the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus of Indonesia to show how qualitative research can be used to develop policy. The Institute continues to partner with the Women’s Political Caucus of Indonesia (Kaukus Perempuan Politik Indonesia - KPPI) to increase women’s leadership within both political parties and elected bodies. In 2005, KPPI received NDI’s inaugural Madeleine K. Albright grant, which supports organizations that create greater roles for women in political and civic life. NDI provides on-going technical help to KPPI to broaden its membership base, fundraise for and train women candidates, and to sharpen its advocacy on behalf of women’s rights. In addition, NDI works with women’s wings of political parties at the national level to support women leaders.
NDI, together with the Institute for Peace and Democracy (IPD) and the Centre for Democratic Institutions (CDI), initiated the Asian Political Leadership Program (APLP) a regional hub for experience-sharing among political party leaders. IPD is an independent Indonesian nonprofit launched by Indonesian President Yudhoyono in 2008 and supported out of Udayana University in Bali. CDI is an Australian democracy development organization. The program involved 15 emerging political party leaders from 10 countries in Asia and the Pacific region. The partnership emphasizes regional expertise, in particular Indonesian experience and leadership, to impart democratic leadership skills and organizational techniques among peers in the region.
Most recently, NDI’s work in Indonesia has focused on civil society-led voter education and election monitoring in four target provinces: North Sumatra, Central Java, Maluku and Papua. In July 2013, NDI partnered with the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Education and Information (LP3ES) to conduct an independent, systematic voter registry assessment (VRA) in these four provinces. For 2014 polls, NDI will assist the Partnership for Governance Reform (Kemitraan) in organizing nonpartisan citizen election observation. The Institute also will partner with the Society for Elections and Democracy (Perludem) and KPPI in developing voter education strategies targeting key constituencies – including women, youth, and underrepresented ethnic groups. Following the elections, NDI will aid citizen activists conducting nonpartisan post-election monitoring.
For more information about these programs, use our contact form or contact:
David Caragliano, Program Manager
202 728 5463