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NDI

The National Democratic Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization working to support and strengthen democratic institutions worldwide through citizen participation, openness and accountability in government.

Romania

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Since the fall of communism in 1990, Romania has made decisive strides in developing a competitive multiparty system and an active civil society. In recognition of its strong performance, particularly in this decade, Romania achieved membership to the European Union in 2007. There remains the task of building political neutrality into Romania’s public administration and judiciary, as noted by the European Commission in its oversight of Romania’s democratic progress. This task is made more challenging by steep polarization among Romania’s political parties, which precludes moderation and compromise.

Parliamentary elections in November 2008 afforded voters an opportunity to break the partisan impasse that has long stymied reform efforts.   However, a near tie between the center-right Democratic Liberal Party and the center-left Social Democratic Party resulted in a surprise agreement by the two opponents to form a governing coalition, ousting the incumbent National Liberal Party.  Both parties must now work to surmount their ideological differences to ensure the passage of necessary legislation to accelerate reforms and respond to constituent concerns. 

 

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Civil Society Support

NDI has supported the development of active and sustainable NGOs in Romania since 1990. As a result of NDI efforts, groups such as the Pro Democracy Association and the Resource Center for Public Participation (CeRe) are promoting the public interest in election processes and political financing. These and other grassroots civic groups trained by NDI are changing the face of local politics through their issue organizing work, and as a result, many politicians are responding with their own outreach to civil society and citizens through constituency outreach offices and other means.

Women and Roma Political Participation

Large segments of the population, such as women and Roma, are disproportionately excluded from the country’s political leadership and socioeconomic advances, and strive to make their voices heard in decision-making. NDI has assisted women and Romani political activists to strengthen their political profiles. With National Endowment for Democracy funds, NDI worked with political parties to assess the role of women within each party and develop strategic action plans to recruit and promote women to leadership positions. With NED and Open Society Institute funds, NDI is conducting a political leadership training series for Romani activists from around the country who can bring tangible improvements to their communities.

Contact Information:

For more information about these programs, use our contact form or contact:

Bucharest
Alice Ratyis, Resident Senior Program Manager
+4021 315 65 34

Washington, D.C.
Nadia Mouzykina,  Program Officer
(202) 728-5441

Our Perspective
08/22/2013 | Roma Rights Journal
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01/01/1991
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05/11/1990
Resource: Press Room
Published Publication Title Author
10/07/1992 Romania: NDI Pre-Election Fact-Finding Mission, Delegation Statement
Statement
National Democratic Institute
09/29/1992 Romania: NDI/IRI Preliminary Statement by the International Observer Delegation to the Presidential and Parliamentary Election, Sept. 29, 1992
Statement
National Democratic Institute International Republican Institute
09/07/1992 NDI Pre-Election Mission to Romania, Sept. 3-7, 1992
Report
National Democratic Institute
02/11/1992 Romania: Preliminary Statement by the International Delegation to the Local Elections, February 11, 1992
Statement
National Democratic Institute International Republican Institute
01/18/1992 NDI Pre-Election Delegation to Romania, Jan. 13-18, 1992, Executive Summary
Executive Summary
National Democratic Institute
01/01/1991 Romania: The May 1990 Elections
Report
National Democratic Institute International Republican Institute
05/21/1990 Romania: Statement by the International Delegation To The 1990 Elections
Statement
National Democratic Institute
05/18/1990 Romania: Opening Statement Of The International Observer Delegation to the 1990 Election
Statement
National Democratic Institute, Joseph Lieberman