This document provides a detailed understanding of the July 31 2022 legislative elections in Senegal and functions as a guide for Senegal’s voters to help them exercise their voting rights. The document covers the function of Senegal’s election management bodies; notably, the Direction Générale des Elections (DGE) and the Commission Electorale Nationale Autonome (CENA).

Osun State, Nigeria– An international pre-election assessment mission arrived in Osun State today to monitor the voting process for the state’s gubernatorial elections on July 16, 2022. This is the first of two missions jointly led by the  International Republican Institute (IRI) and  National Democratic Institute (NDI) to evaluate Nigeria’s preparations for the 2023 general elections.

Abuja, Nigeria– The National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the International Republican Institute (IRI) are deploying a joint pre-election assessment mission to assess the pre-election environment for the upcoming general elections in Nigeria, scheduled for February 2023. The delegation will highlight positive steps already underway as well as offer practical recommendations that can still be implemented to enhance electoral integrity.

July 14, 2022


Richard L. Klein is NDI's Director of Elections Programs. Previously he served for over a decade as a Senior Advisor for Elections at the Institute. Klein is a global leader in promoting electoral integrity with over 30 years of experience building the capacity of local civic and faith-based organizations to observe elections, and organizing international observation missions. He has provided support for citizen observation efforts and international observer missions for more than 50 elections in over 25 countries around the world with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa.

The National Assembly of Serbia has 250 members elected for a four-year term. Members are elected in a single district for the whole country on closed party lists. Seats are divided proportionally according to the widely used D’hondt method. Serbia has a multi-party system that produces coalition governments. 

The National Democratic Institute (NDI) assembled a group of experts to form a virtual preelection assessment mission (V-PEAM) from February 7 to 18, 2022, to examine conditions for elections in Lebanon. The purpose was to assess the prevailing political environment and preparations for the upcoming 2022 elections and identify areas where change is possible to improve the integrity, transparency, and effectiveness of the elections.

On October 17, 2021, Kosovo’s voters went to the polls for the fourth local election in 13 years since independence in 2008. The vote elected the mayors and members of assemblies in 38 municipalities, with the post of mayor changing parties in thirteen municipalities. The Self Determination Movement (LVV) did not capitalize on its support gained in the parliamentary elections in February 2021. The Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK) and the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) won the most mayoral posts and seats in the local assemblies, reversing their decline seen in the February elections.


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